Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province in the southeast on the south bank of the Yangzi River. It has a rich history as a political center, as the capital of early regimes in the south and as the Southern Capital during the Ming dynasty, as well as the seat of the Nationalist Government in the 20th century. Today Nanjing’s three special economic zones are home to manufacturing and production facilities for some of the world’s leading multinational corporations.
Nanjing’s position on the Yangzi offered strategic protection and made it an important gateway for trade and shipping to the regions farther west. Nanjing has an extremely rich and complex history, derived from its position as a political and economic center for the agriculturally rich southeast China region. a walled city that had an armaments foundry there. Being one of the four ancient capitals of China, Nanjing has always been a cultural center attracting intellectuals from all over the country. Today, with a long cultural tradition and strong support from local educational institutions, Nanjing is commonly viewed as a “city of culture” and one of the more pleasant cities to live in China.